Vitamin B-12 plays a central role in red blood cell formation, nerve function and DNA synthesis, and you need to consume it as a regular part of your diet. Normal levels of vitamin B-12 in your body don't bother your eyes, but low levels of vitamin B-12 can negatively affect your eyesight. Make sure you're consuming enough vitamin B-12 to promote healthy eye function.
Optic neuropathy, damage to the optic nerve, which transmits electrical signals from the retina to the brain, can have serious effects on vision. The Cleveland Clinic Foundation reports on a case of optic neuropathy in a 68-year-old malnourished man in the October 2005 issue of the “European Journal of Internal Medicine.” The man, who had central vision loss in both eyes, was found to have B-12 deficiency, which was treated with B-12 injections. His vision improved after several months of treatment. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia reported three similar cases in children with autism who ate little or no meat. All developed gradual vision loss and were found to have B-12 deficiencies. Treatment with B-12 injections also resulted in improved visual functioning after treatment, according to the report published in the September 2010 issue of “Pediatrics.”
A collaborative study published in the 2009 “Archives of Internal Medicine” by researchers from the National Eye Institute, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Harvard School of Public Health studied the effects of three treatments, including B-12, on age-related macular degeneration. The double-blind placebo-controlled study on 5,442 women over age 40 who did not have macular degeneration divided women into two groups. One received folic acid, B-12 and B-6, while the second got placebo. After seven years, 55 cases of AMD developed in the treated group and 82 in the placebo group, and the group treated with B-12 also suffered less vision loss. Researchers concluded that B complex vitamins, including B-12, may help to prevent AMD.
In the Blue Mountains Eye Study conducted by the University of Sydney, researchers evaluated the use of dietary supplements and dietary intake in the development of cataracts. Vitamin B-12 supplementation was strongly protective against cortical cataracts, which develop from the center of the lens and grow outward, according to the report presented in the July 2001 “American Journal of Ophthalmology.” .
Consume at least 2.4 micrograms of B-12 each day to prevent a deficiency. If you consume meat, eggs and dairy, you'll likely exceed your daily recommended intake by adding one or two servings of animal-based foods to your diet each day. If you follow a vegan or vegetarian diet, consuming fortified foods or nutritional yeast can help you meet your intake goals, and dietary supplements taken under the supervision of a doctor can also help prevent deficiency.
- Office of Dietary Supplements: Vitamin B-12
- "Pediatrics;" Vitamin B12 Optic Neuropathy in Autism; Stacy L. Pineles, M.D et al.; October 2010
- "European Journal of Internal Medicine;" Optic Neuropathy in Vitamin B12 Deficiency; S. Chavala et al.; July 2005
- "Archives of Internal Medicine;" Folic Acid, Pyridoxine, and Cyanocobalamin Combination Treatment and Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Women; William G. Christen, Sc.D et al.; 2009
- "American Journal of Ophthalmology;" Use of Vitamin Supplements and Cataract: the Blue Mountains Eye Study; M. Kuzniarz et al.; July 2001
- All About Vision; Cataracts; Judith Lee; November 2010
- the eyes have it! image by David Woolfenden from Fotolia.com
This article reflects the views of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the views of Jillian Michaels or JillianMichaels.com.