Avoid foods that are high in purines to help eliminate kidney stones and gout. Purines are substances found in high protein foods and are converted into uric acid by the kidney. Gout is created by a buildup of uric acid in the blood. According to the National Institutes of Health, uric acid build up can be a result of eating foods high in purine. A normal diet usually contains up to 1,000 mg of purine. A low purine diet contains around 150 mg per day. There is no reason to follow a low purine diet unless you have gout. Also, remember that it may be difficult to eliminate all foods that contain purines, but avoiding high purine foods is recommended.
High purine foods to avoid in the grain group include fatty bread choices like pancakes, biscuits, french toast, muffins and french fries. Instead include enriched breads, rice, noodles, and pasta. If following a low purine diet limit whole grains to two servings per week.
All fruits and juices are considered low purine. Feel free to eat freely from this food group, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. A notable exception is high-purine avocado, which is botanically part of the fruit group and which should be avoided.
Choose low fat or skim milk products. Avoid creamy sides such as sour cream, whole milk and cream. Avoid high-fat, cream-based foods such as sauces and soups if instructed to follow a low purine diet.
Most vegetables can be eaten freely. Limit mushrooms, dried legumes, spinach, asparagus and cauliflower to twice a week. If following a low purine diet, use nonfat cooking methods for vegetables.
Meat, Fish, Beans
Choose beef, lamb, veal, pork, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and cheese as low purine sources of protein. Beans and legumes may be eaten twice a week. Avoid high purine foods including anchovies, sardines, mackerel, scallops, gravies, goose and mussels.
Drinks and Desserts
If following a low purine diet, avoid alcohol, brewer's yeast, high-fat desserts, mincemeat pie and chocolate.
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This article reflects the views of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the views of Jillian Michaels or JillianMichaels.com.